It is feared that by 2022 Britain will be short of more than one million homes due to the current rate of house building, according to reports from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF). It states that the supply of housing and available land for sale is already falling behind demand, much more than originally thought. London and the South East are worst effected by the housing shortage, these regions contribute 70% of the rising demand for new homes but only 50% of new homes are currently built here. There is simply not enough land for sale in these regions and not enough available housing. Cardiff is also experiencing problems. This is in stark contrast to the Midland and the North where there are often empty and abandoned properties. In London and the South the housing crisis will only lead to homelessness for some but for others in public services such as teachers and nurses they will be priced out of the market. The North of the country will see law demand for housing and perhaps an “urban exodus”. บริษัทรับสร้างบ้าน
Lord Best, director of JRF, estimates that the gap between housing and supply will be widened to 1.1 million homes just in England alone by 2002; this is not including the shortfall in Wales. He believes that the time has come for a plentiful supply of new and affordable homes to ensure the nations future health and prosperity. He also says that the majority of housing should be built on recycled brownfield sites, but this can only happen through positive planning. Investment in these older, previously used sites is vital to the environment. However even if all or most brownfield sites are used, houses will still need to be built on undeveloped Greenfield sites to meet demand. The lack of affordable land for sale in the UK and lack of good quality affordable housing all adds to the increase in housing shortfall. Increased levels of immigration into this country is not having a positive effect on the housing shortage either, the levels on migration are increasing year on year leading to the housing shortage forever worsening. The accumulating gap between demand and output all points to this shortfall of 1.1 million homes by 2022.
The housing shortage is visible in the levels of families having to be placed in temporary housing and the poorest families are the ones who will suffer the most. The recession has had a great impact on people losing their homes through repossession and needing to be housed. However the recession has also meant that builders have stopped working which has increased the housing shortage. One innovation, which operates in France and Germany, is land pooling. Landowners are given incentives to make land available for housing. Due to the lack of land for sale in the UK to build affordable housing, this could be the answer to the housing shortage.